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Cherbourg

CHERBOURG

CHERBOURG. The capture of this French city during World War II by American forces three weeks after the Normandy landings of 6 June 1944 gave the Allies their first great port in northwestern Europe. Cherbourg had been held by the Germans since June 1940. General J. Lawton Collins's U.S. Seventh Corps, a part of General Omar N. Bradley's First U.S. Army, drove west from Utah Beach, cut the Cotentin Peninsula to isolate Cherbourg, and turned north against the well-fortified city. The Germans fought stubbornly, demolished the port, and blocked the harbor channels, but finally surrendered on 26 June. A vast rehabilitation program put the port back into working condition several weeks later.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Breuer, William B. Hitler's Fortress Cherbourg: The Conquest of a Bastion. New York: Stein and Day, 1984.

Ruppenthal, Roland G. Utah Beach to Cherbourg (6 June–27 June 1944). Washington, D.C.: Historical Division, Department of the Army, 1948. Reprinted 1984.

MartinBlumenson/a. r.

See alsoD Day ; Normandy Invasion ; Saint-Lô .

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Cherbourg

Cherbourg (shĕrbōōr´), city (1990 pop. 28,773), Manche dept., NW France, in Normandy, on the English Channel, at the tip of the Cotentin peninsula. It is a naval base and seaport, and a major industrial center where submarines, oil tankers and platforms, electronics, and metals are manufactured. The site has been settled since ancient times and was frequently fought over by the French and English because of its strategic value. Fortifications were begun under Louis XIV.

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Cherbourg

CherbourgBorg, morgue •Aalborg • Swedenborg • Helsingborg •cyborg • Cherbourg

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