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Brighton and Hove

Brighton and Hove, city and unitary authority (1991 pop. 134,581) and district, SE England. It was formed by the merger of the boroughs of Brighton and Hove in 1997, and became a city in 2000. The largest and most popular resort in S England, the city also has engineering works and factories that manufacture office machinery, machine tools, electrical apparatus, vacuum cleaners, shoes, and paint. Brighton was a small fishing village before it became a fashionable resort and was patronized, starting in 1783, by the Prince of Wales (later George IV), who had the Royal Pavilion built. Entertainment is provided on the Palace Pier and in the Dome, which was formerly the royal stables; the West Pier was closed in 1975 and partially collapsed in 2002. In addition to the seaside promenade, the Brighton Museum and Art Gallery, an aquarium, a race course, and sports facilities are of interest. The Univ. of Sussex is there.

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Brighton

Brighton. This was originally Brithelmston, a Sussex fishing village where, according to tradition, Charles II spent a night during his escape to France. Brighton developed rapidly from the mid-18th cent., when Dr Richard Russell recommended its health-giving air. It was patronized by Fanny Burney, Samuel Johnson (1770), and from 1784 by George, prince of Wales, five years before George III favoured Weymouth as a resort. Brighton's original classical Royal Pavilion, built by Henry Holland (1784), was redeveloped by Nash in oriental style with an Indian exterior and Chinese interior (1817). Queen Victoria sold the building to the town. Charles Dickens was a frequent visitor. The population in the 1990s was over 150,000.

Revd Dr William M. Marshall

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Brighton

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