Alice Springs

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Alice Springs Town on the River Todd, s Northern Territory, central Australia. Founded in 1860, it is a crucial railhead, livestock shipping centre and supply source for a vast area that includes Ayers Rock. It is the headquarters of the Flying Doctor Service and the School of the Air (radio-linked classes for children living in the ‘outback’). It is the state's second largest town (after Darwin). Pop. (1996) 22,488.

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Alice Springs, town (1991 pop. 20,448), Northern Territory, Australia. It lies in a pastoral area surrounded by desert near the center of the continent and is a stop on the Adelaide Darwin Railway. The town became important as a telegraph station on the overland route from Adelaide to Darwin. It is now the focus of tourism for central Australia. Gold, copper, tungsten, and mica are mined in the area.