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Osaka City on Osaka Bay, s Honshu island, Japan; capital of Osaka prefecture. Japan's third-largest city and its principal industrial port, Osaka was intensively bombed during World War II. It is a major transport hub. It was the imperial capital in the 4th–8th centuries. During the Edo Period, Osaka became the commercial centre of Hideyoshi. Pop. (2000) 2,599,000.