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Borneo Island in the Malay Archipelago, 640km (400mi) e of Singapore, se Asia. Mostly undeveloped, Borneo is the world's third-largest island. It consists of four political regions: Sarawak (w) and Sabah (n) are states of Malaysia; Brunei (nw) is a former British protectorate; Kalimantan (e central and s) covers 70% of the island and forms part of Indonesia. Industries: timber, fishing, oil and coal extraction. Area: 743,330sq km (287,000sq mi).;