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Sanhedrin

Sanhedrin (sănhĕd´rĬn), ancient Jewish legal and religious institution in Jerusalem that appears to have exercised the functions of a court between c.63 BC and c.AD 68. The accounts of it in the Mishna do not correspond to those in Josephus or in the New Testament. Rabbinic sources generally portray it as a body of Torah scholars presided over by the leader of the Pharisees. Greek sources view it as an aristocratic council led by the high priest. Some sources describe a body of 71 members, others of 23 members. Some scholars maintain that there probably were two Sanhedrins—one political and civil, and the Great Sanhedrin, purely religious. In 1807, Napoleon appointed a "French Sanhedrin" of 71 members, made up of both rabbis and laymen, to consider the relationship between Jews and the state.

See H. Mantel, Studies in the History of the Sanhedrin (1961).

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Sanhedrin

Sanhedrin (Heb. loan from Gk., sunhedrion). When or if it existed, the supreme political, religious and judicial body in Erez Israel during the Roman period. There is much scholarly discussion therefore as to the composition and function of the Sanhedrin, especially whether there were two or more ‘sanhedrins’, or councils, from which the impression of a single Sanhedrin was formed—in other words, the assimilation of councils into Sanhedrin would mean that the Sanhedrin as such never existed in the period of the second Temple.

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Sanhedrin

Sanhedrin the highest court of justice and the supreme council in ancient Jerusalem, with seventy-one members. The word comes via late Hebrew from Greek sunedrion ‘council’, from sun- ‘with’ + hedra ‘seat’.

The title Sanhedrin was used by Napoleon as a designation for an assembly of representatives of Jewish rabbis and laymen convened in 1807 to report on certain points of Jewish law.

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sanhedrin

sanhedrin, -im highest court and supreme council of the Jews at Jerusalem. XVI. — late Heb. sanhedrīn — Gr. sunédrion council, f. sún together (SYN-) + hédra seat (see SIT). The common incorrect form in -im seems to be due to the notion that the orig. -īn was the Aram. pl. suffix equiv. to Heb. -īm.

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Sanhedrin

Sanhedrin Ancient Jewish religious council, prominent in Jerusalem during the period of Roman rule in Palestine. The Great Sanhedrin is believed to have served as a legislative and judicial body on both religious and political issues. Jesus Christ appeared before the Sanhedrin after his arrest.

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Sanhedrin

San·hed·rin / sanˈhedrən; -ˈhēdrin; sän- / the highest court of justice and the supreme council in ancient Jerusalem.

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Sanhedrin

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