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Hud

Hud (hōōd), a pre-Qur'anic prophet of Islam. Hud unsuccessfully exhorted his South Arabian people, the Ad, to worship the One God. The Qur'an mentions that their incredulity was punished by a decimating "sterilizing wind" (ar-rih al-aqim). While some traditions support the etymological identification of Hud with the biblical Heber, other accounts represent him as a southern Arabian merchant. Several sites are revered as Hud's tomb, the most notable being in Yemen. Hud is also linked to monuments in Mecca and Damascus.

See R. B. Serjeant, Hud and Other Pre-Islamic Prophets of Hadramawt (1954).

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Hūd

Hūd. A prophet, according to Qurʾān (in sūras 7, 11, 26, 46, 49), among the ʿĀd, demonstrating that God has sent messengers to more peoples than Jews and Christians.

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HUD

HUD / həd / • abbr. ∎  (Department of) Housing and Urban Development. ∎  head-up display.

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HUD

HUD Aeronautics, Computing head-up display
• (USA) (Department of) Housing and Urban Development

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Hud

Hud ★★★★ 1963

Newman is a hard-driving, hard-drinking, woman-chasing young man whose life is a revolt against the principles of stern father Douglas. Neal is outstanding as the family housekeeper. Excellent photography. Based on the Larry McMurtry novel “Horseman, Pass By.” 112m/B VHS, DVD . Paul Newman, Melvyn Douglas, Patricia Neal, Brandon de Wilde, John Ashley; D: Martin Ritt; W: Irving Ravetch, Harriet Frank Jr.; C: James Wong Howe; M: Elmer Bernstein. Oscars ‘63: Actress (Neal), B&W Cinematog., Support. Actor (Douglas); British Acad. ‘63: Actress (Neal); Natl. Bd. of Review ‘63: Actress (Neal), Support. Actor (Douglas); N.Y. Film Critics ‘63: Actress (Neal), Screenplay.

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Hūd

HŪD

(1) In the Koran, Hūd is the collective noun for Jews (Sura 2:105, 129, 134, 62:6), and the root hwd in two forms denotes the belief in Judaism (Sura 2:59; 4:48; 158–60, and see *Yahūd, Yahūd (i)). (2) The apostle Hūd was the earliest of the five apostles to be sent to the Arabs; the other four were Sālīh, *Abraham, Shuʿayb (*Jethro), and *Muhammad (e.g., Sura 7:63–71; 11:52–64). Some commentators occasionally identify Hūd with Eber (cf. Gen. 11:14). Hūd rebuked the tribe of ʿĀd, to whom he was sent, but they did not listen to his words and were all annihilated, with the exception of Hūd and a few of his followers (Sura 11:61). The assumption has long since been raised that Hūd was an allegorical figure who emerged as a result of the influence of Judaism.

bibliography:

"Hūd," in eis2, 3 (1971), 537–38 (incl. bibl.); I. Eisenberg (ed.), Qisāʾī, Qisas (1922), 102–3; A. Geiger, Was hat Mohammed aus dem Judenthume aufgenommen? (1833), 111–7; Thaʿlabī, Qisas (1356h), 51–55.

[Haïm Z'ew Hirschberg]

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