The mercurial English band James came out of the fertile early 1980s Manchester postpunk scene, along with such celebrated groups as the Smiths and Joy Division. Though they built a solid fan base in the United Kingdom, they struggled for international recognition, changing labels several times and frustrating journalists with their playful image-shifting. Combining an acerbic wit with honest yearning, the band’s vision—which a writer in Musician called “eclectic, theatrical and introspective”—kept James relatively underground for many years, though their followers remained enthusiastic.
It wasn’t until their 1993 album Laid, written and recorded under the aegis of inventive and storied producer Brian Eno, that James broke through to a larger audience in the United States, thanks in large part to the album’s title track, which singer Tim Booth described to a Los Angeles Times interviewer as “a silly little catchy pop song.” At the same time, critics acknowledged the band’s increased maturity and depth. The members of James have clearly weathered their shifting fortune by
Members include David Baynton-Power (joined bande. 1988), drums; Tim Booth (borne. 1964), vocals; Saul Davies (joined band c. 1988), violin; Andy Diagram (bandmember 1988-92), trumpet; Jim Glen-nie, bass; Larry Gott, guitar; Mark Hunter (joined band c. 1988), keyboards; Gavan Whelan (left band c. 1988), drums.
Group formed in Manchester, England, and signed with Factory Records, releasing singles and EP Jim One, 1983; signed with Sire Records, 1986; signed with Rough Trade Records, 1988; signed with Phonogram, 1989; contributed to Velvet Underground tribute album Heaven and Hell, 1990; appeared on WOMAD tour, 1993.
remaining focused on what mattered most. “There were times when we felt like there was no place for us,” bassist Jim Glennie recalled to Musician’s Paul Zollo. “We’d start feeling down, but then we’d walk into the rehearsal room and songs would appear. Wonderful songs. That’s why we kept going. It’s why we kept faith. It’s the main reason we’re still here.” As Booth insisted in Melody Maker, “We’re here to discover.”
The initial band members of James—guitarist Larry Gott, Glennie, and drummer Gavan Whelan—started playing together without a singer. Booth related to Zollo how he was recruited: “The band had only been together about a year since they first stole their instruments and they saw me stuttering in some nightclub and asked me to dance onstage with them. Dancing has always been my main release from life.”
The year was 1983; the Manchester scene, populated by a number of uncompromising alternative bands that carried the torch of punk rock, was among the most closely watched on the underground music circuit. The pervasive mood of these groups—particularly the stark Joy Division, which became New Order after the suicide of lead singer Ian Curtis—could be fairly described as gloomy. James, on the other hand—named by Booth after the innovative I rish writer James Joyce—sported bright colors and explored happier themes. “Yeah, everyone was wearing black and being really po-faced,” Booth recollected to Paul Lester of Melody Maker.”And we were dressed in yellow, red and green. We looked like Smarties [candies], or kids’ show hosts! But it was all very tongue-in-cheek and deliberate.” The band’s popular T-shirts eventually became some of the most visible on the music scene; their independent merchandising empire has received almost as much attention as their music.
It was also in 1983 that James was signed by Factory Records, Joy Division’s label, and released the singles “What’s the World” and “Hymn from a Village,” and the Jim One EP. Fellow Manchester popsters The Smiths covered “What’s the World”; Smiths vocalist Morrissey was one of James’s biggest and earliest fans.
By 1985 the band had moved to Sire Records, which released James Two that year. Their disdain for the publicity machinery of the music business created a sense of mystery about them, but it also fed a burgeoning rumor mill. Because Booth practiced abstinence and told journalists he chanted regularly, the U.K. press misidentified the group as Buddhists, and many of their casual, tongue-in-cheek comments were either taken too literally or misconstrued by gullible or sensationalistic music writers. As a result, as Booth related in Melody Maker, “We got more serious in interviews [because] we realized it was too risky being flippant.” But the larger problem for the group lay in expanding their listenership.
James approached producer Eno when they were preparing to record their debut album, Stutter. They’d been impressed by the producer’s work with bands like Talking Heads; unfortunately Eno was booked up and couldn’t take the project. They ended up instead with guitarist-writer Lenny Kaye, whom they identified as their only other choice. Released in 1986, the album still couldn’t take James out of relative cult status. The same was true of its highly praised follow-up, 1988’s Strip Mine.
Disappointed at their relative lack of career movement, James left Sire in 1988. Whelan departed, and in addition to adding his replacement, David Baynton-Power, the remaining members recruited keyboardist Mark Hunter, violinist Saul Davies, and trumpeter Andy Diagram. “We’ve found some new musicians that we all agree on at last,” Booth explained in Melody Maker, “with the right attitude for James. We’ve got more versatility now, more power. Before, our songs were a bit skeletal.” With a fuller sound, the group soon became, in the words of Musician writer Zollo, “among the most charismatic live acts in the country. In concert their power derives from an intricate yet rock-solid rhythmic foundation, over which Davies weaves colorful violin lines while Hunter fills in the gaps with keyboards, accordion and melodica. It’s also an ideally plush setting for the plaintive, emotional voicings of singer Booth.”
After releasing an independent label live album, One Man Clapping, James signed with Phonogram. It was with their 1989 album Gold Mother that the group saw some real sales, thanks to the hits “Come Home” and “Sit Down”; the latter song reached the number two position on the U.K. charts. Next came 1990’s James; like its successors it was released in the United States by Mercury.
1992 saw the release of Seven, another step forward in the band’s quest for international popularity. A million-seller, it was the last recording with Diagram, who left the group—“amicably,” in the words of a record company press release—that same year. James was poised to break through to mainstream American listeners, particularly as the 1990s began to look like a decade of commercial viability for alternative bands. Joining rock legend Neil Young on an all-acoustic tour, James refined its sound; “we didn’t play electric again for three months” after the tour, Booth told a Billboard interviewer. “Our ears were sort of tuned to that level of subtlety.”
The group then contacted Eno again. “I sent him a demo tape of the stuff we were working on, with a letter saying, ‘Come on and play with us’—you know: ‘We’ll have some fun, we’re ready for you now,’” Booth recalled in Rolling Stone. “And he rang me up about 10 o’clock one morning, and we had this discussion about cyberpunk and fine wines and culture; and then he said he’d really like to make the album.”
The group’s admiration for Eno’s production had only deepened. “The reason we like Eno is that he doesn’t seem to stamp his identity on things,” Glennie reasoned in an interview with Glenn Gregory of the L.A. Village View. “In the past, on the things he worked with, he has pulled the best out of people and produced great albums, but they’re not ‘Eno’s style.’ I think it’s the same with this [album]. He makes you work and play to your strengths.” Working with Eno for six weeks, the members of James wrote, recorded, and mixed 40 songs. The result was not only their 1993 album Laid, but a collection of what Booth described in Billboardas “mainly improvised stuff.” Eno had listened to the band’s jams, Booth averred, and declared, “People would like to hear this.” The group, however, decided to wait until Laid was sufficiently marketed; Mercury aggressively promoted it and helped push the group to the next commercial level.
The album itself includes a number of soulful, introspective songs, but Eno picked the lighthearted song “Laid” for special attention despite the band’s relative disdain for it. “We’ve been brought up on the kind of maxim that pain is deep you know,” Booth admitted to Richard Cromelin of the Los Angeles Times. “It’s a Western false concept. Very English, very European, I think—suffering for your art. And when something comes as easily and as simply as ‘Laid,’ you kind of don’t take it as seriously as some of the ones that you have to bleed for.”
With an infectious melody, bouncy rhythm, and relatively comical lyrics about sexuality, the song began to show up on radio playlists; soon MTV put the video in its “buzz bin,” and James was suddenly a player on the commercial rock scene. Critics raved about Laid: a Musician reviewer called it “what must be one of the best albums of the year. In fact, it sounds like music we’ll still be listening to in 10 or 20 years. Laidis gentle without being wimpy, smart without being snotty and moody without being morbid.” Gregory of the LA. Village View labeled it “probably the band’s most mature and creative album to date.”
After more than ten years on the music scene, James had truly arrived. After the release of Laid the group appeared on Peter Gabriel’s international WOMAD tour and enjoyed increased attention from U.S. concert audiences as well, playing “Laid”—with some suggestive lyrics altered—on TV’s Late Show with David Letterman. Despite the increased visibility, however, James retained its original sense of mission. “The idea is to move people really, and to move them in different ways,” Booth remarked to Cromelin of the Los Angeles Times. “To upset, to agitate, to uplift, to give people happy endings now and again, but for the whole trip to be a happy ending.” Ultimately, he went on, music is “magic, and we try to keep connecting with that spirit of music rather that get sidetracked into any other cul-de-sac about power or money or fame.”
“Hymn From a Village,” Factory, 1983.
Jim One (includes “What’s the World”), Factory, 1983.
James Two, Factory, 1985.
Stutter, Sire, 1986
Strip Mine, Sire, 1988.
One Man Clapping, Rough Trade, 1988.
On Phonogram and/or Mercury
Gold Mother (includes “Come Home” and “Sit Down”), 1989.
Heaven and Hell (appear on “Sunday Morning”), Imaginary, 1990.
Billboard, October 30, 1993; February 19, 1994.
L.A. Village View, October 29, 1993.
Los Angeles Times, March 19, 1994.
Melody Maker, May 5, 1990; December 8, 1990; November 9, 1991.
Musician, February 1993; November 1993.
Rolling Stone, April 21, 1994.
Additional information for this profile was provided by Mercury Records publicity materials, 1993.
James (rivers, United States)
James:1 Unnavigable river, 710 mi (1,143 km) long, rising in central N.Dak. and flowing across S.Dak. to the Missouri River at Yankton, S.Dak. Jamestown Dam on the river is an irrigation and flood control unit of the Missouri River basin project of the U.S. Bureau of Reclamation. The James is also known as the Jim River or the Dakota River. 2 River, 340 mi (547 km) long, formed in W central Va. by the union of the Jackson and Cowpasture rivers and winding E across Va. to enter Chesapeake Bay through Hampton Roads. One of Virginia's chief rivers, it is navigable for large ships to Richmond, c.100 mi (160 km) upstream; Norfolk, Newport News, and Portsmouth are large ports at its mouth. Its chief tributaries are the Appomattox and Chickahominy rivers. The James's upper course flows through scenic gorges in the Blue Ridge Mts. and the Piedmont; waterfalls and rapids provide power. English colonists founded Jamestown on the lower river in 1607. During the Civil War, Union forces used the river in vain attempts to capture Richmond (see Peninsular campaign; Seven Days battles).
Bassantin (or Bassantoun), James (ca. 1504-1568)
Bassantin (or Bassantoun), James (ca. 1504-1568)
Scottish astrologer and mathematician, the son of the laird of Bassandean in the Merse, Berwickshire, Scotland, born in the reign of James IV. After studying mathematics at the University of Glasgow, he traveled for further studies on the Continent. He subsequently went to Paris, where for some years he taught mathematics at the university. He returned to Scotland in 1562.
There was a prevailing belief in judicial astrology at that time, particularly in France. On his way home through England, according to Sir James Melville's memoirs, Bassantin met with Sir Robert Melville (brother of Sir James), who was at that time engaged on the part of the unfortunate Mary, Queen of Scots in endeavoring to effect a meeting between her and Elizabeth. Bassantin predicted that all his efforts would be in vain, which proved to be true.
Bassantin was a zealous Protestant. His principal work is a treatise on astronomy, written in French and translated into Latin by John Tornaesius, which was published at Geneva in 1599. He wrote four other treatises on mathematics and horoscopes, but they do not appear to have been published.
The Letter of James is the first of the Catholic Epistles in the New Testament. It is almost entirely moral in content.
James (epistle of the New Testament)
James, letter of the New Testament, traditionally classified among the Catholic, or General, Epistles. The James of its ascription is traditionally identified with St. James the Less. However, the name is more likely a pseudonym. The letter's diverse sayings and admonitions, some of which are recurrent, are interspersed with more lengthy discourses, e.g., on the relationship of faith and works, the need for curbing the tongue, and the danger of envy and ambition. There are many points of contact with sayings of Jesus recorded in the Synoptic Gospels—e.g., on oaths, on rich oppressors, and on loving one's neighbor. Martin Luther rejected James because it seemed to deny his interpretation of justification by faith and to argue instead that a person is justified by works.
are faith in action, i.e., the expression of trust in God. For both James and Paul, loving one's neighbor fulfills the law. Scholars differ widely on the origins and date of the work.
See studies by D. J. Moo (1985) and R. P. Martin (1988).
St James the Great an Apostle, son of Zebedee and brother of John. He was put to death by Herod Agrippa I; afterwards, according to a Spanish tradition, his body was taken to Santiago de Compostela, which became a major pilgrimage centre. He is traditionally seen in Spanish iconography as leading the Christian Reconquest against the Moors. His emblems are a scallop shell and a pilgrim's hat, and his feast day is 25 July.
St James the Less also an Apostle; he is said to have been martyred by being beaten to death with a fuller's club. He may be identical with the James who was a leader of the early Christian Church at Jerusalem, also known as the Lord's brother. His emblem is a fuller's club, and his feast day (in the Eastern Church) is 9 October; (in the Western Church) is 1 May.
James (person in the Bible)
James, in the Gospel of St. Luke, kinsman of St. Jude. The original does not specify the relationship.