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Chaliapin, Feodor Ivanovich

Feodor Ivanovich Chaliapin (fyô´dər ēvä´nəvĬch shəlyä´pyĬn), 1873–1938, Russian operatic bass. His powerful and supple voice, together with his tremendous physique, his gusto, and his superb ability as a naturalistic actor, made him one of the greatest performers in the history of opera. Taught by the singer Usatov, he first gained notice in 1894 in St. Petersburg; then he sang in Moscow and rapidly won an international reputation. After the Russian Revolution he was a lauded "artist of the people," but disagreement with the Soviet government caused him to remain outside Russia after 1921, although he maintained that he was not anti-Soviet. After an unspectacular American debut at the Metropolitan Opera in New York in 1907, he returned in 1921 and sang there with immense success for eight seasons. His most famous role was the lead in Moussorgsky's Boris Godunov, but he also won praise as Ivan the Terrible in Rimsky-Korsakov's Maid of Pskov, in the title role of Boito's Mefistofele, and as Mephistopheles in Gounod's Faust. His recitals, which included popular Russian music, were also highly successful wherever he performed.

See his autobiography as told to M. Gorky, ed. by N. Froud and J. Hanley (1968).

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Chaliapin, Fyodor (Ivanovich)

Chaliapin, Fyodor (Ivanovich) [ Fyodor Shalyapin] (b Kazan, 1873; d Paris, 1938). Russ. bass. Of humble orig., having little mus. training before joining provincial opera co. 1890. Sang in St Petersburg Imperial Opera 1894–6, then joined Mamontov's private opera co. in Moscow, singing Ivan in Rimsky-Korsakov's Maid of Pskov and especially Boris Godunov in Mussorgsky's opera, role with which he became inseparably assoc. Member of Bolshoy Opera, Moscow, 1899–1914. La Scala début 1901 (Boito's Mefistofele), NY Met 1907 (Mefistofele), London 1913–14 in Beecham's Drury Lane season (début as Boris, 1913). Sang in four of Diaghilev's Paris seasons between 1908 and 1913. NY Met 1921–9. Created title-role of Massenet's Don Quichotte (Monte Carlo 1910). Gave frequent recitals. Superb actor-singer. Appeared in two films.

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Chaliapin, Fyodor Ivanovich

Chaliapin, Fyodor Ivanovich (1873–1938) Russian operatic bass. He made his debut at La Scala, Milan, in 1901 and at the Metropolitan Opera Company, New York, in 1907. His differences with the Soviet government caused him to leave Russia in 1921 and join the Metropolitan. He was particularly noted for the title role in Mussorgsky's Boris Godunov.

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