Fenyő (Formerly Fleischman), Miksa

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FENYŐ (formerly Fleischman), MIKSA

FENYŐ (formerly Fleischman ), MIKSA (1877–1972), Hungarian author and literary critic. Fenyő, who was born in Mélykút, was secretary of the Union of Industrialists for 40 years until he left Hungary for New York in 1948. Fenyő was a founder and an editor of the periodical Nyugat. He sought to raise the standards of Hungarian literature and education to those of Western Europe, and his scholarly researches and essays did much to contribute to such an improvement. Fenyő became a convert to Christianity. However, in his memoirs, he includes an important description of contemporary Jewish society. He did the same in the diary Az elsodort ország ("The Destroyed Country," 1964), written secretly during the Holocaust while hiding among "Aryans" in Hungary. His main works are Casanova (1912); Bethlen István ("Count István Bethlen," 1937); and his recollections of Nyugat, Följegyzések a "Nyugat" folyóiratról és környékéről (1960).


A. Szerb, Magyar Irodalmtörténet (1943), 447–8; Irodalmi Lexikon (1927), 310; Magyar Zsidó Lexikon (1929), 275; Magyar Irodalmi Lexikon, 1 (1963), 347.

[Baruch Yaron]