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Mascherino, Ottaviano

Mascherino, Ottaviano (1536–1606). Bolognese by birth, he settled in Rome in 1574, where he made additions to Bramante's Cortile di Belvedere (1578–85), probably built the Church of San Salvatore in Lauro (1591–1600), and restructured the Palazzo del Quirinale (1583–5). He designed the façades of Santa Maria della Scala (1592) and Santo Spirito dei Napoletani (1593), both in Rome.

Bibliography

Art Bulletin, xlv/3 (1963), 205–44;
Ackerman (1954);
Wittkower (1982)

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Petrucci, Ottaviano dei

Ottaviano dei Petrucci (ōt´tävyä´nō dā´ē pātrōōt´chē), 1466–1539, Venetian printer. Petrucci was the inventor of printing music by movable metal type. His patent for the process was issued by the Venetian Republic in 1498, but expensive experiments with other techniques forced him to sell his rights. The music printed by his double process (first the staff, then the notes carefully laid on) is precise and fine. Examples are in the British Museum collection.

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Petrucci, Ottaviano dei

Petrucci, Ottaviano dei

Petrucci, Ottaviano dei, Italian music publisher; b. Fossombrone, June 18, 1466; d. Venice, May 7, 1539. He was the descendant of an impoverished family of the nobility. He went to Venice about 1490. He petitioned in 1498 for the exclusive privilege of printing “canto figurato” and “intabolature d’organo e de liuto” in the Venetian dominions for a period of 20 years; the privilege was granted on May 25, 1498. His first vol., Harmonice musices odhecaton A, was issued on May 15, 1501; it contained 96 works, mostly French chansons for 3 and 4 Voices. It was followed by Canti B (1501) and Canti C (1503), which contained 49 and 137 works, respectively. In 1507 he became the first printer to publ, lute tablature. When the war of the League of Cambrai against the Venetian Republic made further work impossible, he returned to Fossombrone (1511), leaving his associates Amedeo Scotto and Nicolo da Rafael to oversee his affairs in Venice. He was active as a publisher in Fossombrone until about 1521, bringing out eds. of both musical and non-musical works. He received a 15-year privilege from Pope Leo X in 1513 for printing mensural music and organ tablature (the privilege to publ, keyboard music was revoked in 1516); also received a 5-year extension of his Venetian privilege in 1514; ceased publishing from 1516 to 1519, again most likely due to the unsettled times. In 1520 he built a paper mill in Acqua Santa, near Fossombrone; was recalled to Venice by the senate in 1536 to supervise the publication of Latin and Italian classical texts. His eds., printed with great neatness, are rare and highly prized specimens of early presswork. In Venice he brought out eds. of works by leading composers of the Netherlands school, as well as by Italian composers. His publications in Fossombrone continued to highlight Italian music, with the French school displacing the Netherlands masters. Modern eds. of his publications include the following: K. Jeppesen, ed., Die mehrstimmige italienische Laude um 1500: Das 2. Laudenbuch des O. d.P. (1507) (Leipzig and Copenhagen, 1935), R. Schwartz, ed., O. P.: Frottole, Buch I und IV, Publikationen Älterer Musik, VIII (Leipzig, 1935), H. Hewitt, ed., Harmonice Musices Odhecaton A (Cambridge, Mass., 1942; 2nd ed., rev., 1946), G. Cesari, R. Monterosso, and B. Disertori, eds., Le frottole nelV edizione principe di O. P., I: Libri, I, II, e III, Istituta et Monumenta, i/1 (1954), B. Disertori, ed., Le frottole per canto e liuto intabulate da Franciscus Bossinensis, Istituzioni e Monumenti dell’arte Musicale Italiana, new series, iii (1964), and H. Hewitt, ed., O. P.; Canti B numero cinquante (Venice, 1502), Monuments of Renaissance Music, II (1967).

Bibliography

D. Vernarecci, O. d.P. da Fossombrone (Fossombrone, 1881; 2nd ed., 1882); C. Boer, Chansonvormen op het einde van de XVde eeuw: Een studie naar aanleiding van P.’s “Harmonice musices odhecaton” (Amsterdam, 1938); C. Sartori, Bibliografia delle opere musicali stampate da O. P. (Florence, 1948).

—Nicolas Slonimsky/Laura Kuhn/Dennis McIntire

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