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Dubois, Guillaume

Guillaume Dubois (gēyōm´ dübwä´), 1656–1723, French statesman, cardinal of the Roman Catholic Church. A man of humble birth, he was tutor to Philippe II d'Orléans (see under Orléans, family) who, when he became regent, made Dubois councilor of state (1715). In 1718, Dubois became secretary of state for foreign affairs. Reversing the foreign policy of King Louis XIV, he concluded the Triple Alliance of 1717 with England and the Netherlands, and negotiated (1719) marriage contracts between the royal houses of France and Spain. In 1721 he was made a cardinal and in 1722 became chief minister.

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du Bois, Guy Pène

Guy Pène du Bois (gē pĕn dü bwä), 1884–1958, American painter and critic, b. Brooklyn, N.Y.; studied under William Chase and in Paris. In New York City after 1906 he worked as a reporter and art critic for various newspapers and edited Arts and Decoration. The wry humor of his early paintings of social manners gives way in later work to more somber presentations of human manners and mores. His paintings include Morning, Paris Café (Whitney Mus., New York City) and Restaurant Number 1 and Number 2 (Art Inst., Chicago).

See his autobiography, Artists Say the Silliest Things (1940).

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