Guy, Philip Langstaffe Ord°

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GUY, PHILIP LANGSTAFFE ORD ° (1885–1952), archaeologist. Born in Scotland, he joined the excavations at Carchemish and el-Amarna after World War i. From 1922 to 1925 he was chief inspector of antiquities in Palestine and excavated an Iron Age cemetery in Haifa. He directed the excavations at Megiddo (1925–35) where he introduced a method of balloon photography and cleared the mound to stratum v (Iron Age). As director of the British School of Archaeology in Jerusalem from 1938 to 1939 he began a survey of the Negev. He served in the British Army in World War ii and rejoined the department of antiquities in 1947. He remained in Israel as chief of its division of excavations and survey until his death. He directed excavations at Bet Yeraḥ, Jaffa, and Ayyelet ha-Shaḥar. His publications include excavation reports of Tell el-Amarna and Megiddo, including the large volume Meggido Tombs (1938). He married a daughter of Eliezer *Ben-Yehuda.

[Michael Avi-Yonah]