Skip to main content
Select Source:

Haig, Alexander Meigs

Haig, Alexander Meigs (1924– ), U.S. Army officer, secretary of state, business executive.Born near Philadelphia, Haig attended Notre Dame University and then graduated from West Point in 1947. He soon joined the staff of Gen. Douglas MacArthur in Japan and served under him in the Korean War. Subsequently, Haig taught at West Point, held a succession of line, staff, and school assignments in the United States and Europe, and earned an M.A. in international relations from Georgetown University. In 1966–67, he served as a battalion and then brigade commander during the Vietnam War, returning to West Point as deputy commandant.

Between 1969 and 1974, already known as an able officer knowledgeable about the political‐diplomatic aspects of military affairs, Haig served in the Nixon White House as an assistant to national security adviser Henry Kissinger. He had an important role in the 1972–73 negotiations culminating in the Paris Peace Agreements. Appointed a four‐star general, Haig served as Richard M. Nixon's chief of staff, 1973–74. After Nixon's resignation, Haig was appointed commander of NATO forces. Retiring from the army in 1979, he became president and CEO (1979–81) of United Technologies, a major defense contractor.

Under President Ronald Reagan, Haig served as secretary of state, 1981–82, taking a hard line toward the Soviet Union and insurgencies in Central America. In 1982, he supported Britain during the Falklands/Malvinas War and Israel in its invasion of Lebanon. Disputes with Defense Secretary Caspar Weinberger and national security adviser William Clark led to Haig's resignation. Afterward, he served on a number of corporate boards and was briefly a Republican candidate for president in 1988.

Bibliography

Roger Morris , HAIG! The General's Progress, 1984.
Alexander M. Haig , Caveat: Realism, Reagan and Foreign Policy, 1984.
Alexander M. Haig , Inner Circle: How America Changed the World: A Memoir, 1992.

John Whiteclay Chambers II

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Haig, Alexander Meigs." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Apr. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Haig, Alexander Meigs." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/haig-alexander-meigs

"Haig, Alexander Meigs." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved April 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/haig-alexander-meigs

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

Haig, Alexander Meigs, Jr.

Alexander Meigs Haig, Jr., 1924–2010, American general and public official, U.S. secretary of state (1981–82), b. Philadelphia, grad. West Point, 1947. He served in Korea (1950–51) and held several staff positions, including military assistant to the secretary of the army (1964), before serving in Vietnam (1966–67) as a battalion and brigade commander. As military adviser to Henry Kissinger (1969–73) he became an important member of the National Security Council staff. During the later stages of the Watergate affair he was President Nixon's civilian chief of staff (1973–74). A four-star general, he served as Supreme Allied Commander Europe (SACEUR) of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization's forces from 1974 to 1979, when he retired from the army. In 1981 he became President Reagan's secretary of state. His sudden resignation (1982) was attributed to disagreements over foreign policy. He ran unsuccessfully for the Republican presidential nomination in 1988.

See his memoir Caveat (1984), and How America Changed the World (1992).

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Haig, Alexander Meigs, Jr.." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Apr. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Haig, Alexander Meigs, Jr.." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/haig-alexander-meigs-jr

"Haig, Alexander Meigs, Jr.." The Columbia Encyclopedia, 6th ed.. . Retrieved April 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/reference/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/haig-alexander-meigs-jr

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.

Haig, Alexander Meigs

Haig, Alexander Meigs (1924– ) US general and public official. He served in the army during the Korean War. During the 1960s, he held appointments as military assistant to the secretary of the army and deputy secretary of defence. After duty in Vietnam, he served as White House chief of staff for President Nixon. He was NATO commander (1974–79) and served as secretary of state (1981–82) under President Reagan.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Haig, Alexander Meigs." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. 20 Apr. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Haig, Alexander Meigs." World Encyclopedia. . Encyclopedia.com. (April 20, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/haig-alexander-meigs

"Haig, Alexander Meigs." World Encyclopedia. . Retrieved April 20, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/environment/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/haig-alexander-meigs

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.