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Duc, Louis-Joseph

Duc, Louis-Joseph (1802–79). Paris-born French architect, he restored and extended the Palais de Justice, Paris (1840–79): the Cour des Assises, Salles des Pas Perdus, and the façade on the Rue de Harlay (1857–68) are particularly robust, anticipating Beaux-Arts Classicism of forty years later. With Duban, Labrouste, and Vaudoyer he was one of the more radical architects of the 1830s. He was responsible for completing the Colonne de Juillet, Place de la Bastille, Paris (1835–40—originally designed by J. -A. Alavoine), which is an eclectic mix of Egyptian, Greek, Roman, and Renaissance motifs. He also designed the Lycée Michelet, Vanves (1862), in a Lombardic Gothic style.

Bibliography

Daly (1840–90);
Delaborde (1879);
Middleton & and Watkin (1987)

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Vendôme, Louis Joseph, duc de

Louis Joseph Vendôme, duc de (lwē zhôzĕf´ dük də väNdōm´), 1654–1712, marshal of France; grandson of César de Vendôme and son of Laura Mancini. He fought in the War of the Grand Alliance. In the War of the Spanish Succession he was appointed (1702) commander in Italy and decisively defeated his cousin, the Austrian commander Prince Eugene of Savoy, at Cassano (1705). Sent to Flanders to repair the French defeat at Ramillies (1706), he was at first successful against the duke of Marlborough and Eugene but was defeated at Oudenarde (1708). In 1710 he went to the aid of King Philip V of Spain, Louis XIV's grandson, and by his victories at Brihuega and Villaviciosa helped ensure Philip's retention of the Spanish crown.

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