Skip to main content

Louis Jean Marie Daubenton

Louis Jean Marie Daubenton

1716-1800

French comparative anatomist and physician who in 1742 was chosen by Georges-Louis Leclerc, comte de Buffon to help prepare anatomical descriptions of mammals for the latter's Histoire naturelle (published 1749-89). In 1744 Daubenton became Buffon's assistant in the Department of Natural History at the Jardin des Plantes (after 1793, the Museum of Natural History) in Paris. In 1753 Buffon and Daubenton set forth their Principle of the Unity of Composition, placing the skeletal structure of vertebrates within a comparative framework. A distinguished physiologist and descriptive paleontologist, Daubenton was named to the French Academy of Sciences in 1760, and in 1775 was appointed Lecturer in Natural History at the College of Medicine. In 1778 he became professor of zoology at the Collège de France. He introduced merino sheep into French agriculture. He was selected as the first director of the Museum of Natural History in 1793, and was named a member of the French Senate in December 1799, a month before his death.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Louis Jean Marie Daubenton." Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. . Encyclopedia.com. 23 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Louis Jean Marie Daubenton." Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 23, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/louis-jean-marie-daubenton

"Louis Jean Marie Daubenton." Science and Its Times: Understanding the Social Significance of Scientific Discovery. . Retrieved September 23, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/science/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/louis-jean-marie-daubenton

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.