(1915–89) Chinese statesman, general secretary of the Chinese Communist Party
(1980–87). He joined the Communists in 1933, and took part in the Long March
. Hu became associated with Deng Xiaoping
in the war against Japan
(1937–45), during which he served as a political commissar. In 1952 he became head of the Young Communist League, but lost his post (1966) during the Cultural Revolution
. Hu was rehabilitated after Mao Zedong
's death (1976). Accused of sympathizing with student demonstrations for democracy, Hu was dismissed. The Tiananmen Square
protests followed his death.
Hu Yaobang (hōō´ you´bäng´), 1915–89, Chinese Communist political leader, b. Hunan prov. A protegé of Deng Xiaoping, Hu became general secretary of the Communist party in 1980 and party chairman in 1981, effectively replacing Hua Guofeng as leader of the Communist party. In the wake of student demonstrations for greater democracy, to which he was thought to be sympathetic, he was forced to resign as party secretary in 1987. In 1989, upon his death, students renewed their protests in Tiananmen Square.