Long March Enforced march of the Chinese Red Army during the war against the nationalist (Kuomintang) forces. Led by Zhu De and Mao Zedong, 90,000 communist troops, accompanied by c.15,000 civilians, broke through a Nationalist encirclement of their headquarters and marched some 10,000km (6000mi) from Jiangsu province, se China, to Shanxi province in the nw. Under frequent attack, the communists suffered 45,000 casualties. The march prevented the extermination of the Communist Party by the Nationalists.
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