cloisonne

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cloisonné (kloizənā´, –sənā´), method of enamel decoration of metal surfaces, such as vases and jewel boxes. Metal filaments (which form the cloisons or separating elements) are attached at right angles to the surface outlining the design to be used. These miniature compartments are filled with colored enamel in paste form, and the object is then heated in order to fuse the enamel to the surface and develop its transparency and permanent colors. When finished, the enamel and cloisons are closely joined in a smooth, even surface showing the pattern in various colors defined by the metal partitions which prevented their fusing with one another. Probably invented in the Middle East, cloisonné has been highly perfected by the Chinese, the Japanese, and the French.

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cloisonné Enamelling technique in which the design is constructed out of wires soldered to a plate, and the cells (cloisons) thus formed are filled with coloured enamel paste and fired. The technique was developed in Mycenaean Greece, and was popular in Byzantine art of the 10th and 11th centuries. It flourished in China during the Ming and Qing dynasties and was also adopted in Japan.

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cloisonné.
1. Type of coloured wall-con-struction consisting of stones of one colour individually framed all round with bricks of another, laid in courses, especially in Byzantine architecture, such as the Katholikon at Hosios Lukas, Styris (c.1020).

2. Surface formed of coloured enamel panels defined by fillets.

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cloi·son·né / ˌkloizəˈnā; ˌklwäz-/ (also cloisonné enamel) • n. enamel work in which the different colors are separated by strips of flattened wire placed edgeways on a metal backing.

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cloisonné (of enamels) divided into compartments. XIX. pp. of F. cloisonner, f. cloison partition :- Rom. *clausiō, -ōn-, f. L. claus- (see CLOSE).

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