Siete de Marzo
Siete de Marzo
Siete de Marzo (1849), a divisive Colombian presidential selection. The tumultuous presidential selection of José Hilario López on the siete de marzo (7 March) signaled the Colombian Liberal Party's domination of the central government that lasted until 1885. The nascent Conservative Party, seriously divided by the reformist administration of the nominally conservative Tomás Cipriano de Mosquera, fielded several candidates in the 1848 contest. Splitting the vote in this manner enabled López to gain a plurality (López, 725; José Joaquín Gori, 384; Rufino Cuervo, 304; Mariano Ospina Rodríguez, 81; Joaquín María Barriga, 74; Florentino González, 71; and Eusebio Borrero, 52). The Congress, following its constitutional mandate to select the president, chose the Liberal López on 7 March 1849 in the face of severe intimidation by student and artisan militants in the congressional gallery. Conservatives claimed that crowd pressures had made the selection process illegitimate. The López regime (1849–1853) initiated sweeping liberal reforms, which heightened the symbolism of the pivotal event.
José Manuel Restrepo, Historia de la Nueva Granada: 1845–54, vol. 2 (1963), pp. 103-106.
Helen Delpar, Red Against Blue: The Liberal Party in Colombian Politics, 1863–1899 (1981), pp. 5-6.
Hylton, Forest. Evil Hour in Colombia. London: Verso, 2006.
Rojas, Cristina. Civilization and Violence: Regimes of Representation in Nineteenth-Century Colombia. Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 2002.
Sanders, James E. Contentious Republicans: Popular Politics, Race, and Class in Nineteenth-Century Colombia. Durham, NC: Duke University Press, 2004.
"Siete de Marzo." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/siete-de-marzo
"Siete de Marzo." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved August 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/siete-de-marzo
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.