Riachuelo, Battle of the
Riachuelo, Battle of the
The Battle of the Riachuelo of June 11, 1865, was a decisive naval engagement of the Triple Alliance War (1864–1870). As part of his invasion of northeastern Argentina, Paraguay's marshal-president Francisco Solano López needed to clear the Paraná River of Brazilian and Argentine naval vessels. To this end, he formulated a plan that called for a surprise attack at dawn against an Allied fleet of eleven steamers anchored just south of the port of Corrientes near its confluence with the Riachuelo River. But various delays prevented the arrival of Paraguayan admiral Ignacio Meza's flotilla until 11 a.m.
Having thus lost the element of surprise, the Paraguayans proceeded to lose every chance for effective maneuver against the better-armed Brazilian steamers. For the next six hours, the two forces seesawed back and forth across the waters. During this time the Allies generally turned their superiority in firepower to good effect. Brazilian admiral Francisco Manoel Barroso managed to direct his flagship, the Amazonas, in a wide arc to attack several of Meza's warships in succession. In the end, the Paraguayans were forced to retreat upriver, having lost four of their nine steamers (with all the rest badly damaged). The Brazilians lost two steamers of their own, the Belmonte and the Jequitinhonha, the latter of which ran aground where it was destroyed by Paraguayan shore batteries. Casualties were high on both sides, with Meza dying from wounds the next day. The Allied victory at the Riachuelo denied to the Paraguayans any hope of an unchallenged advance southward into Argentina. Within weeks, López ordered his land forces to withdraw back into Paraguay, thus assuring an entirely defensive campaign from that point forward.
Whigham, Thomas L. The Paraguayan War, Vol. 1: Causes and Early Conduct. Lincoln: University of Nebraska, 2002.
Thomas L. Whigham
"Riachuelo, Battle of the." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/riachuelo-battle
"Riachuelo, Battle of the." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved September 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/riachuelo-battle
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.