Skip to main content

Revolutionary Action Party (PAR)

Revolutionary Action Party (PAR)

The Revolutionary Action Party (Partido de Acción Revolucionaria, or PAR) the major electoral vehicle of both presidents Juan José Arévalo (1945–1951) and Jacobo Arbenz (1951–1954) during the revolutionary decade in Guatemala, was founded in 1945 by a merger of the two main parties of the October Revolution (1944), the Popular Liberation Front (Frente Popular Libertador—FPL) and the National Renovation Party (Renovación Nacional—RN). The party's ideological position was that of moderate socialism.

When the communist José Manuel Fortuny was chosen secretary general in November 1946, the more moderate wing of the party left to reconstitute the FPL. In late 1947 Fortuny and his followers secretly formed a communist party, the Vanguardia Democrática Guatemalteca, but continued to use the PAR to legitimize their political activities. However, a coalition of socialists and noncommunist Marxists led by Augusto Charnaud MacDonald recaptured the party leadership in March 1949.

PAR was the major party in the coalition backing Arbenz in the 1950 elections. Shortly thereafter the Fortuny faction split from the PAR, and the democratic socialist faction of Charnaud MacDonald formed the Socialist Party (PS) in 1951. The PAR then joined the FPL, RN, and PS in creating the Party of the Guatemalan Revolution (PRG) in 1952 to support Arbenz's agrarian reform program, but it later withdrew. The PAR was dissolved after the overthrow of Arbenz in 1954.

See alsoArbenz Guzmán, Jacobo .


Ronald M. Schneider, Communism in Guatemala, 1944–1954 (1958).

Asies, El rol de los partidos políticos en Guatemala (1985).

Additional Bibliography

Bornschein, Dirk. Las izquierdas en Guatemala. Guatemala: Fundación Friedrich Ebert, 2000.

Montenegro Ríos, Carlos Roberto. Historia de los partidos políticos en Guatemala. Guatemala: Mayaprin, 2002.

Soto Rosales, Carlos Rafael. El sueño encadenado: El proceso político guatemalteco, 1944–1999. Guatemala: Tipografía Nacional, 2002.

                                            Roland H. Ebel

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Revolutionary Action Party (PAR)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . 20 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Revolutionary Action Party (PAR)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . (January 20, 2019).

"Revolutionary Action Party (PAR)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved January 20, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.