Prado y Ugarteche, Jorge (1887–1970)

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Prado y Ugarteche, Jorge (1887–1970)

Jorge Pradoy Ugarteche (b. 1887; d. 29 July 1970), Peruvian politician. Exiling himself early in the dictatorship of Augusto Leguía as a protest against tyranny, he was a Civilista and son of past president Mariano Ignacio Prado. He opposed President Guillermo Billinghurst in 1914. In 1933 he served briefly as prime minister to Oscar Benavides and formed a cabinet that sought to conciliate opponents. Politically moderate with democratic views, Prado wooed both socialists and fascists at various times. By 1936 it seemed that Benavides had chosen him as successor. During his presidency, Benavides formed the Frente Nacional to voice his views and banned the rival Aprista Party (APRA) from political activity. Fragmentation weakened other groups, yet in the election of 1936 Prado came in third behind the candidates of reform. Benavides nullified the election and extended his own term as president until 1939. He was succeeded by Jorge Prado's brother, Manuel. Jorge faded into obscurity. His candidacy symbolized the political malaise that gripped Peru when a dictatorship banned APRA from politics for fear of its ability to carry out popular economic reforms.

See alsoBenavides, Oscar Raimundo; Peru: Peru Since Independence; Peru, Political Parties: Civilista Party.


Magnus Mörner, The Andean Past: Land, Societies, and Conflicts (1985).

Fredrick B. Pike, The Politics of the Miraculous in Peru: Haya de la Torre and the Spiritualist Tradition (1986).

Additional Bibliography

Portocarrero S, Felipe. El imperio Prado, 1890–1970. Lima: Universidad del Pacífico, 1995.

                                          Vincent Peloso

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Prado y Ugarteche, Jorge (1887–1970)

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