Plan of Agua Prieta

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Plan of Agua Prieta

On 23 April 1920, generals from the state of Sonora declared the Plan of Agua Prieta, proclaiming themselves in revolt against President Venustiano Carranza. They resented Carranza's insistence on a civilian successor and were infuriated that their candidate, General Alvaro Obregón, had been passed over in favor of colorless Ignacio Bonillas, Mexican ambassador to Washington. Although General Adolfo De La Huerta was named commander of the movement, Obregón soon took control. Within a week the rebellion had won the support of most of the generals throughout the country; President Carranza fled Mexico City on 14 May and was assassinated 21 May. Following his election, Obregón became president on 1 December 1920. Mexico would not have a civilian president until the election of Miguel Alemán in 1946.

See alsoCarranza, Venustiano; de la Huerta, Adolfo; Obregón Salido, Álvaro.


Edwin Lieuwen, Mexican Militarism: The Political Rise and Fall of the Revolutionary Army, 1910–1940 (1968).

Linda B. Hall, Alvaro Obregón: Power and Revolution in Mexico, 1911–1920 (1981).

Additional Bibliography

Bantjes, Adrian A. As if Jesus Walked on Earth: Cardenismo, Sonora, and the Mexican Revolution. Lanham, MD: Rowman & Littlefield, 2007.

Gonzalez, Michael J. The Mexican Revolution, 1910–1940. Albuquerque: University of New Mexico Press, 2004.

Moguel, Josefina. Venustiano Carranza. México: Planeta, 2004.

                              Barbara A. Tenenbaum