Skip to main content

Maldonado, Francisco Severo (1775–1832)

Maldonado, Francisco Severo (1775–1832)

Francisco Severo Maldonado (b. 1775; d. 1832), Mexican politician and reformer. Born in Tepic, Nayarit, Maldonado studied in Guadalajara and became a priest and a scholar. Joining Hidalgo's movement when the insurgent army arrived in Guadalajara in 1810, he published the revolutionary El despertador americano and began drafting a constitution. After the battle of Calderón, Maldonado was put on trial. He renounced his earlier views and began to write for a royalist periodical, El telégrafo de Guadalaxara (1811). He supported both the Constitution of 1812 and the Plan of Iguala, and served in the early congresses. His social and political ideas, expressed in various editions of a work he called Nuevo pacto social and Contrato de asociación (1823), may have influenced Mariano Otero. Maldonado's plans are, in the words of Charles Hale, "an odd blend of liberal individualism, utopian socialism, and traditional corporate theory." His views on land reform and corporate society have been seen by some as presaging the Constitution of 1917.

See alsoMexico, Wars and Revolutions: War of Independence .

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Charles A. Hale, Mexican Liberalism in the Age of Mora, 1821–1853 (1968), pp. 74-75; Diccionario Porrúa de historia, biografía y geografía de México, 5th ed. (1986).

Additional Bibliography

Benítez González, Florencio. El Plan de Iguala: En la historiografía de su época. México: Comuna Municipal, 2001.

Magallón Anaya, Mario. "El pensamiento filosófico y político de Francisco Severo Maldonado." Cuadernos Americanos 85, Nueva época (Jan-Feb 2001): 193-207.

                                          D. F. Stevens

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Maldonado, Francisco Severo (1775–1832)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 17 Nov. 2018 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Maldonado, Francisco Severo (1775–1832)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (November 17, 2018). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/maldonado-francisco-severo-1775-1832

"Maldonado, Francisco Severo (1775–1832)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved November 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/maldonado-francisco-severo-1775-1832

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.