Skip to main content


JAPLISH, also Japalish, Janglish. Informal terms, often wry, sometimes pejorative, for any mixture of Japanese and English. They may refer to Japanese spoken or written with an admixture of English or to English that shows Japanese influence: ‘A great many Japanese speak English nowadays (or at least “Japlish”, as the American colony calls it)’ (Harper's Magazine, Jan. 1963); ‘Japanese sometimes sounds like Japlish: masukomi for mass communications, terebi for television’ (Time, 22 July 1966). A significant aspect of Japlish is the use of thousands of adapted English words in daily speech and writing: for example, dokutā sutoppu (‘doctor stop’), a physician's prohibition on certain activities, such as smoking; Bajin Rodo (‘Virgin Road’), the title of a best-selling novel, referring to the aisle a bride walks down in church. See GAIRAIGO.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"JAPLISH." Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. . 23 May. 2019 <>.

"JAPLISH." Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. . (May 23, 2019).

"JAPLISH." Concise Oxford Companion to the English Language. . Retrieved May 23, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.