Guzmán, Martín Luís (1887–1976)
Guzmán, Martín Luís (1887–1976)
Martín Luís Guzmán (b. 6 October 1887; d. 22 December 1976), Mexican literary figure and cultural entrepreneur best remembered for his post-Revolutionary novels El áquila y la serpiente (1928) and La sombra del caudillo (1929). Based on personal experience, these works provide some of the best insights into the Revolution as well as a condemnation of the leading post-Revolutionary figures of the 1920s. Although he was part of the El Ateneo literary group in 1911, Guzmán largely abandoned his literary career in the 1930s, instead pursuing journalism and publishing.
The son of an army officer who died in combat during the Revolution, Guzmán joined the Constitutionalists. After founding many newspapers, he spent five years (1915–1920) of self-imposed exile in Spain and the United States. When his daily, El Mundo, was confiscated by the Obregón administration, he again exiled himself to Spain (ca. 1923–1936), where he directed several newspapers. In the 1940s he founded a number of publishing companies as well as the weekly magazine El Tiempo (modeled after Time magazine), which he directed until his death. He received the National Prize for Literature in 1958.
Ruth Stanton, "Martín Luís Guzmán's Place in Modern Mexican Literature," in Hispania 26 (1943): 136-138.
Martín Luís Guzmán, Apunte sobre una personalidad (1955); Tiempo (3 January 1977): 5-23.
William Megenney, ed., Five Essays on Martín Luís Guzmán (1978).
Rosado, Juan Antonio. El presidente y el caudillo: Mito y realidad en dos novelas de la dictadura: La sombra del caudillo, de Martín Luis Guzmán y El señor presidente, de Miguel Ángel Asturias. México, D.F.: Ediciones Coyoacán, 2001.
Sánchez, Aideé. La heterogeneidad en El águilay la serpiente de Martín Luis Guzmán. Méxcio, D.F.: Plaza y Valdes Editores, 2002.
Roderic Ai Camp
"Guzmán, Martín Luís (1887–1976)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (June 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/guzman-martin-luis-1887-1976
"Guzmán, Martín Luís (1887–1976)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved June 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/guzman-martin-luis-1887-1976
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.