Skip to main content

Gálvez, Juan Manuel (1887–1972)

Gálvez, Juan Manuel (1887–1972)

Juan Manuel Gálvez (b. 1887; d. 19 August 1972), president of Honduras, 1949–1954. Gálvez succeeded the long-time dictator, Tiburcio Carías Andino, whom he had served as minister of defense. As Carías's handpicked successor, Gálvez perpetuated National Party dominance and many of his predecessor's policies. He launched a more vigorous program of public works, infrastructure development, economic diversification, and tax reform while also easing restrictions on civil liberties.

The United Fruit Company workers' strike in 1954 precipitated a political crisis at the end of Gálvez's administration. Gálvez, who had been a United Fruit attorney for many years, showed little sympathy for the strikers and was clearly annoyed by the encouragement that Guatemala's pro-labor government of Jacobo Arbenz gave the strikers. He actively collaborated with Guatemalan exiles and the U.S. Central Intelligence Agency in the overthrow of the Arbenz government in June 1954. In the November 1954 elections, Carías sought to return to office, but Liberal candidate Ramón Villeda Morales received a plurality of the votes, with no one receiving a majority. Before the Congress could decide the election, Gálvez's vice president, Julio Lozano Díaz, seized power, ending Gálvez's administration. Gálvez, now in ill health, did not contest Lozano's seizure of dictatorial power, and Lozano later appointed Gálvez president of the Supreme Court.

See alsoCarías Andino, Tiburcio; Honduras; United Fruit Company.


James D. Rudolph, ed., Honduras, a Country Study, 2d ed. (1983).

James A. Morris, Honduras: Caudillo Politics and Military Rulers (1984).

Alison Acker, Honduras: The Making of a Banana Republic (1988).

James Dunkerley, Power in the Isthmus: A Political History of Modern Central America (1988).

Tom Barry and Kent Norsworthy, Honduras: A Country Guide (1990).

Additional Bibliography

Funes, Matías. Los deliberantes: El poder militar en Honduras. Tegucigalpa: Editorial Guaymuras, 2000.

Salomón, Leticia. Política y militares en Honduras. Tegucigalpa, Honduras: Editorial Millenium, 1992.

                                 Ralph Lee Woodward Jr.

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Gálvez, Juan Manuel (1887–1972)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . 17 Sep. 2019 <>.

"Gálvez, Juan Manuel (1887–1972)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . (September 17, 2019).

"Gálvez, Juan Manuel (1887–1972)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved September 17, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.