GALVAN, WILLIAM. Volunteer from Dominica. He arrived in South Carolina with munitions from Beaumarchais, for which the state was held liable. He served as a lieutenant in the Second South Carolina Regiment in 1777 but resigned when he was not allowed to furlough northward for military action. On 19 March, Congress rejected his request to raise an independent corps. It also rejected on 3 April his request to be subinspector of a battalion of blacks to be raised in the South and on 28 December turned down his application for lieutenant colonel. Congress finally relented in January 1780 to commission him as major and employ him as an inspector. Luzerne intervened with Washington on his behalf and the latter ordered him to Cape Henry in May to await the possible arrival of the French fleet. He returned to serve in Lafayette's light infantry in September 1780. Lafayette was initially satisfied with Galvan but soon found him "very unpopular among officers" (Lafayette, Papers, 3:27). Washington removed him for "bad health" and Lafayette sent him to obtain artillery for the Virginia campaign of the spring of 1781. Galvan received a commendation from Lafayette for his actions at the Battle of Green Spring on 6 July 1781. On 14 July, Lafayette gave Galvan permission, for reasons of ill health, to return to the main army. He later served as a member of the court-martial trying Major General Robert Howe in December 1781, and Washington signed a certificate of service for him on 31 December 1781. He committed suicide on 24 July 1782 because of a romantic rejection by an American widow.
Bodinier, André. Dictionnaire des officiers de l'armée royale qui ont combattu aux Etats-Unis pendant la guerre d'Indépendance, 1776–1783. Vincennes, France: Service historique de l'armée, 1982.
Closen-Haydenburg, Hans Christoph Friedrich Ignatz Ludwig, and Baron von Gouvion. The Revolutionary Journal of Baron Ludwig von Closen. Edited and translated by Evelyn M. Acomb. Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1958.
Ford, Worthington C. et al., eds. Journals of the Continental Congress, 1774–1789. 34 vols. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1904–1937.
Lafayette, Gilbert du Motier de. Lafayette in the Age of the American Revolution: Selected Letters and Documents, 1776–1790. Edited by Stanley J. Idzerda et al. 5 vols. to date. Ithaca, N.Y.: Cornell University Press, 1977–.
Smith, Paul H. et al., eds. Letters of Delegates of the Continental Congress, 1774–1789. 26 vols. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1976–2000.
Washington, George. Writings of George Washington. Edited by John C. Fitzpatrick. 39 vols. Washington, D.C.: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1931–1944.
revised by Robert Rhodes Crout
"Galvan, William." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 18, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/galvan-william
"Galvan, William." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved September 18, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/galvan-william
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.