Skip to main content

Díaz, Jorge (1930–2007)

Díaz, Jorge (1930–2007)

Jorge Díaz (b. 1930, d. 13 March 2007) was born to Spanish parents in Rosario, Argentina, but raised in Chile. He graduated in architecture and first entered the theater as a scenographer. The Latin American playwright most closely associated with theater of the absurd, he achieved early success with El cepillo de dientes (1961), a two-character play that in language and structure epitomizes the clichés of contemporary life. Although his linguistic dexterity creates an illusion of vacuous and sterile relationships and the difficulties of authentic communication, his plays are underscored by a strong social and political reality. His early pieces played with language, time, music, humor, and the stultifying effects of bourgeois society.

In 1965 Díaz immigrated to Spain to escape the administrative responsibilities of ICTUS, a vanguard theater in Santiago. In Spain his plays became more aggressive, using mixed-media techniques to denounce greed and insensitivity, such as a massacre in a Brazilian favela and the ITT intervention in Chilean politics. After Franco's death in 1975 brought a new sense of freedom to the Spanish theater, Díaz began to experiment with two distinctly different styles, one focusing on the sociopolitical, the other more personal and intimate. He wrote about the archetypal qualities of sex and death, which he claimed was to write about life. Some plays were intended for a Madrid audience, others for Santiago. On two occasions Díaz has dramatized his compatriot, the Nobel laureate Pablo Neruda, most recently in Pablo Neruda viene volando (1991). In 2003 he published a collection of eight previously unpublished works, Antologia de la perplejidad. Among the many awards he won were the Premio Nacional de las Artes y la Comunicación y Audiovisuales (1993) and the Premio Antonio Buero Vallejo de Guadalajara (1992).

Díaz returned to Chile in 1994, where he continued to write and paint for the remainder of his life. Díaz's trenchant style and playful language earned him the epithet of "absurdist" writer, but he sought only to express his view of contemporary human existence. Díaz was also a prolific writer of theater for children.

See alsoFavela; Neruda, Pablo; Theater.

BIBLIOGRAPHY

Teodosio Fernández, "Jorge Díaz," in El teatro chileno contemporáneo (1941–1973) (1982), pp. 153-67.

Tamara Holzapfel, "Jorge Díaz y la dinámica del absurdo teatral," in Estreno 9, no. 2 (1983): 32-35.

George Woodyard, "Jorge Díaz and the Liturgy of Violence," in Dramatists in Revolt: The New Latin American Theater, edited by Leon F. Lyday and George W. Woodyard (1976), pp. 59-76.

Additional Bibliography

Bauer, Oksana M. "Jorge Diaz: Evolución de un teatro ecléctico." Ph.D. diss., City University of New York, 1999.

Díaz, Jorge, and Eduardo Guerrero del Río. Jorge Díaz: Un pez entre dos aguas. Santiago: Universidad Finis Terrae, RiL Editores, 2000.

                                      George Woodyard

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Díaz, Jorge (1930–2007)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. 25 May. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Díaz, Jorge (1930–2007)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Encyclopedia.com. (May 25, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/diaz-jorge-1930-2007

"Díaz, Jorge (1930–2007)." Encyclopedia of Latin American History and Culture. . Retrieved May 25, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/diaz-jorge-1930-2007

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.