Skip to main content

Association for the Protection of Women's Rights (Afghanistan)

ASSOCIATION FOR THE PROTECTION OF WOMEN'S RIGHTS (AFGHANISTAN)

Afghan organization of the 1920s.

The Association for the Protection of Women's Rights (Anjoman-i-Himayat-i-Niswan) was founded in 1927 in Kabul, Afghanistan, under the direction of King Amanullah's (19191929) sister, Princess Kobra, its president, and Queen Soraya, Amanullah's wife, its main leader. Its main objectives were to help women become self-reliant and take part in the development of Afghanistan; to ensure women's right to education and to work outside the home; and to protect women against domestic abuse, including threats by male family members to prevent women from working outside the home. Cases of domestic abuse were heard and dealt with in special family tribunals presided over by the queen. The association offered courses in sewing, weaving, and other hand-icrafts, and it recruited women from low-income families to work in factories. In September 1928 several women participated in the Loya-Jirga (Grand Assembly) as representatives of the association to promote reforms to improve the status of women. The association had drafted a political platform and was ready to participate in upcoming parliamentary elections when its activities were interrupted by widespread opposition to Queen Soraya's campaign, begun in 1928, to unveil and emancipate women. The association was closed down shortly thereafter.

Bibliography


Nawid, Senzil K. Religious Response to Social Change in Afghanistan, 191929: King Aman-Allah and the Afghan Ulama. Costa Mesa, CA: Mazda Publishers, 1999.

Senzil Nawid

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Association for the Protection of Women's Rights (Afghanistan)." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Encyclopedia.com. 24 Sep. 2018 <http://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Association for the Protection of Women's Rights (Afghanistan)." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 24, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/association-protection-womens-rights-afghanistan

"Association for the Protection of Women's Rights (Afghanistan)." Encyclopedia of the Modern Middle East and North Africa. . Retrieved September 24, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/humanities/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/association-protection-womens-rights-afghanistan

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.