Skip to main content

Renaissance Europe 1300-1600: Visual Arts

chapter nine



The Early Renaissance in Italy … 363
The Early Renaissance In Northern Europe … 376
The High Renaissance in Italy … 386
The High and Later Renaissance in Venice … 398
Late Renaissance and Mannerist Painting in Italy … 405
The Arts in Sixteenth-Century Northern Europe … 412


Albrecht Dürer … 420
Giotto … 422
Hans Holbein … 422
Leonardo da Vinci … 424
Michelangelo … 425


SIDEBARS AND PRIMARY DOCUMENTS Primary sources are listed in italics
Contracts (Ghirlandaio's contracts show constraints placed on artists by patrons) … 365
On Painting (Alberti defines standards of technique for artists) … 368
Italian Admirers (Fazio praises Jan van Eyck) … 380
Strange Fantasies (Van Mander comments on Bosch's work) … 382
Artistic Precocity (Vasari praises Leonardo da Vinci) … 387
Espionage and Intrigue (Vasari discusses controversy between Raphael and Michelangelo) … 394
An Art Critic (Aretino praises Titian's work) … 399
Counter Reformation (Paleotti attempts to reform religious art) … 404
The Natural Offense (Vasari comments on The Last Judgment by Michelangelo) … 406
Mourning a Friend (Ercole mourns his friend Giulio Romano) … 409
Reflections on Dürer (Camerarius gives a personal description of Albrecht Dürer) … 413
Master of Nature (Van Mander admires the work of Pieter Bruegel) … 418

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Renaissance Europe 1300-1600: Visual Arts." Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. . 20 Jan. 2019 <>.

"Renaissance Europe 1300-1600: Visual Arts." Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. . (January 20, 2019).

"Renaissance Europe 1300-1600: Visual Arts." Arts and Humanities Through the Eras. . Retrieved January 20, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.