Renaissance art Style that emerged in Italy in the 15th century, heavily influenced by classical Greek or Roman models and by the new humanism. In painting, the decisive differences between Gothic and Renaissance painting emerged in Florence in the early 15th century. These differences included: the development of perspective; a new interest in composition and colour harmonies; the increasing use of secular or pagan subject matter; the rise of portraiture; constant experimentation to develop new skills; and a growing concern for the expression of the individual artist. The creators of High Renaissance painting were Leonardo da Vinci, Michelangelo, and Raphael. The ideas of the Italian artists were taken to France and n Europe and emulated with national variations. Renaissance literature found an early exponent in Petrarch; other Italian Renaissance literary figures include Dante and Machiavelli. By the 16th century, the Renaissance literary movement reached n Europe, where it inspired much poetry and history writing and culminated, in England, in the dramas of Shakespeare.
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