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Renaissance Europe 1300-1600: Philosophy

chapter six



Scholasticism in the Later Middle Ages … 216
Humanism in the Early Renaissance … 225
Renaissance Platonism … 232
Humanism Outside Italy … 238
New Trends in Sixteenth-Century Thought … 242


Desiderius Erasmus … 248
Marsilio Ficino … 249
Niccolò Machiavelli … 251
Michel de Montaigne … 252
Francesco Petrarch … 253


Primary sources are listed in italics
An Academic Attacks Papal Power (Marsilius discusses state and papal powers) … 221
A Scholastic Deliberates Upon Religion as Art (excerpt from a sermon by Cusa) … 223
A Humanist Decides How to Achieve Virtue (passage from a letter by Petrarch concerning fame and virtue) … 227
Liberal Education (Vergerio's treatise arguing for liberal education) … 228
On the Will (excerpt from Valla's Dialogue on Free Will) … 230
The Human Mind (passage from Ficino's Five Questions Concerning the Human Mind) … 234
Humanism on Human Dignity (Pico draws connections between God, man, and religion) … 235
Christian Humanism (excerpt from Erasmus's Handbook of the Militant Christian) … 239
Establishing a Republic (excerpt from Machiavelli's Discourses) … 244
Cultural Relativism (essay by Montaigne defending differences between Brazilians and Europeans) … 246

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