1800-1860: The Arts
1800-1860: Chapter Two: The Arts
by JAMES MANCALL
TOPICS IN THE NEWS
Among the Mountain Men 42
Charles Sealsfield and German American Literature 45
Daniel Boone as an Icon 46
Early Women Writers of the West 48
A New Home—Who’ll Follow? 48
Genre Painting and George Caleb Bingham 49
Gold Rush San Francisco 50
Oh, California 51
Grand Opera in San Francisco 53
The Hudson River School and Western Expansion 53
Moving Panorama 54
Native Oral Traditions 56
Native American Written Language 58
The Cherokees 60
Painting the First Encounter 60
The Native Americans 62
Periodicals of the Old West 64
Popular Music in the West 65
Quilts of the Old West 66
Tall Tales and Sketches of the Old Southwest 67
Grinning the Bark Off a Tree 68
The West as Seen From the East 69
Caroline Kirkland 74
Sidebars and tables are listed in italics.
"1800-1860: The Arts." American Eras. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 19, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/1800-1860-arts
"1800-1860: The Arts." American Eras. . Retrieved September 19, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/1800-1860-arts
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.