1800-1860: Science and Medicine
1800-1860: Chapter Ten: Science and Medicine
by JAMES N. LEIKER
TOPICS IN THE NEWS
Linguistic Barriers 324
Disease and Westward Expansion 325
Cholera in the West 326
Frontier Healing 328
Indian Treatment of Snakebite 329
Geology and Geography 330
First View of the Rockies 330
Military Explorations 332
Sidebars and tables are listed in italics.
"1800-1860: Science and Medicine." American Eras. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 22, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/1800-1860-science-and-medicine
"1800-1860: Science and Medicine." American Eras. . Retrieved January 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/1800-1860-science-and-medicine
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.