Treaty of Cateau-Cambresis

All Sources -
Updated Media sources (1) About content Print Topic Share Topic
views updated

Treaty of Cateau-Cambrésis (kätō´-käNbrāzē´), 1559, concluded at Le Cateau, France, by representatives of Henry II of France, Philip II of Spain, and Elizabeth I of England. It put an end to the 60-year conflict between France and Spain, begun with the Italian Wars, in which Henry VIII and later Mary I of England had intermittently sided against France. The terms were a triumph for Spain. France restored Savoy, except Saluzzo, to Duke Emmanuel Philibert, acknowledged Spanish hegemony over Italy, and consented to a rectification of its border with the Spanish Netherlands. Calais, however, was confirmed in French possession by England. Henry II's sister, Margaret, was given in marriage to Emmanuel Philibert of Savoy; Henry's daughter, Elizabeth of Valois, was given to Philip II of Spain.

views updated

Cateau-Cambrésis, treaty of, 1559. Mary Tudor's marriage to Philip of Spain dragged her into a disastrous war against France in 1557 in the course of which Calais was lost. When Elizabeth succeeded in November 1558, her position was precarious and she was anxious for peace. The treaty was signed on 3 April 1559. The French ceased to support the claims of Mary, queen of Scots (then married to the dauphin) to the English throne, and the English, by implication, gave up hopes of regaining Calais, since the French were to retain it for eight years and then restore it on conditions certain to be broken.

J. A. Cannon