Skip to main content

The Vinson‐Trammel Act

The Vinson‐Trammel Act (1934), cosponsored by Georgia Democrat Carl Vinson, chair of the House Naval Affairs Committee, was part of the naval expansion program of the administration of President Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression.Elected in 1932, ten years after the Washington Naval Arms Limitation Treaty, Roosevelt issued an executive order in 1933 allowing $238 million in emergency public works funds to be used to build thirty‐two warships over the next three years. Undeterred by critics' accusations that the United States was initiating another naval arms race, Vinson crafted the Vinson‐Trammel Naval Act of 1934, which authorized the navy to construct 102 new warships over the next eight years. This would bring the U.S. Navy up to the full strength authorized by the treaty. By 1937, the year after Japan renounced any treaty limitations, the U.S. Navy had under construction three new aircraft carriers, ten cruisers, forty‐one destroyers, and fifteen submarines, most of which would join the fleet at the end of the decade. By 1939, the United States had fifteen battleships, the Japanese ten, but Japan had six aircraft carriers compared to five in the U.S. Navy. Congress authorized further naval construction in 1938 and 1940.
[See also Navy, U.S.: 1899–1945.]

John Whiteclay Chambers II

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"The Vinson‐Trammel Act." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . 9 Mar. 2019 <>.

"The Vinson‐Trammel Act." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . (March 9, 2019).

"The Vinson‐Trammel Act." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved March 09, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.