LIVINGSTON, JAMES. (1747–1832). Continental officer. Canada. Born on 27 March 1747, James Livingston was the grandnephew of the powerful Robert Livingston. Though he did not finish college, James became a lawyer by studying with William Smith Jr. in New York City before settling in Montreal sometime in the late 1760s. When the Revolution started, James and his brothers Richard and Abraham joined General Richard Montgomery's forces invading Canada. James recruited over two hundred Canadians and led them in the operations around Chambly on 18 October 1775. On 20 November this unit was designated the First Canadian Regiment, and he was named its colonel. After the disastrous attack on Quebec, in which his forces fled at the beginning, he joined the retreat back to New York. On 8 January 1776, Congress gave him permission to recruit troops in New York. They served under Arnold in the relief of Fort Stanwix and the two Battles of Saratoga.
As commander of the garrisons around Kings Ferry, he figured prominently in the events surrounding Arnold'streason. His firing on the Vulture indirectly resulted in Arnold's exposure. Washington was suspicious of Livingston's loyalty. In the reorganization of 1780, Livingston's unit was eliminated and he resigned on 1 January 1781.
Livingston was in the state assembly in 1784–1787 and 1789–1791. He died in Schuylerville, New York, on 29 November 1832.
revised by Michael Bellesiles
"Livingston, James." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (March 20, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/livingston-james
"Livingston, James." Encyclopedia of the American Revolution: Library of Military History. . Retrieved March 20, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/livingston-james
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.