Skip to main content

Duncan II

Duncan II (d. 1094), king of Scotland (1094), was the eldest son of Malcolm III and his first wife, Ingibiorg of Orkney. He was given as a hostage following Malcolm III's submission to William I at Abernethy in 1072, and remained a captive in England until freed and knighted by William II in 1087. William II gave him military backing in a bid to oust his uncle Donald III from the kingship in 1094. After initial success he was defeated and forced to dismiss his Anglo-Norman supporters. Gravely weakened, he was killed by Mael Petair, mormaer of the Mearns, at Mondynes (19 miles south of Aberdeen), and his uncle restored to the kingship. Duncan's son William was a key supporter of David I.

Dauvit Broun

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Duncan II." The Oxford Companion to British History. . 24 Feb. 2019 <>.

"Duncan II." The Oxford Companion to British History. . (February 24, 2019).

"Duncan II." The Oxford Companion to British History. . Retrieved February 24, 2019 from

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

The Chicago Manual of Style

American Psychological Association

  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.