Defense Reorganization Acts
Following the coordinating and centralizing efforts in the National Security Act of 1947, and its 1949 amendments, Congress, on the recommendations of the Rockefeller Committee and President Eisenhower, adopted the Defense Reorganization Acts in 1953 and 1958 designed to reduce service obstacles to coordinated defense planning and management. These acts strengthened the Office of the Secretary of Defense (OSD) by more than tripling its size and by giving it additional authority; they also somewhat enhanced the Office of the Chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff (JCS). However, Congress continued to allow individual service chiefs to take their opinions directly to Capitol Hill.
The 1953 and 1958 reforms did not prevent open disagreement among the services nor the JCS from making split recommendations. Nor did they curtail budget requests or weapons procurement. They did, however, provide some additional centralized direction.
Individual secretaries of defense, chairmen of the JCS, and service chiefs continued to struggle over interservice rivalry and coordination within this framework up to and even after the Goldwater‐Nichols Defense Reorganization Act of 1986, the most thorough revision of statutes governing DoD organization since the National Security Act of 1947.
John Whiteclay Chambers II
"Defense Reorganization Acts." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (September 16, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/defense-reorganization-acts
"Defense Reorganization Acts." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved September 16, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/defense-reorganization-acts
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.