Chuikov, Vasily Ivanovich
CHUIKOV, VASILY IVANOVICH
(1900–1982), Marshal of the Soviet Union (1955), twice Hero of the Soviet Union, and Red Army commander renowned during World War II for his stoic and ruthless defense of Stalingrad and vital role in the capture of Berlin.
Josef Stalin routinely employed Vasily Chuikov as a "shock commander" in the most difficult sectors of the front. A regimental commander during the Russian civil war, Chuikov graduated from the Frunze Academy (1925) and the Red Army's Academy of Motorization and Mechanization (1936).
Elevated to command the 9th Army after its notorious defeat during the Soviet–Finnish War (1939–1940), on Stalin's orders Chuikov executed all commanders, commissars, and officers involved in the defeat. After serving as attaché to China (1939–1942), Chuikov commanded the 64th Army during the bitter fighting en route to Stalingrad and, later, the 62nd Army in its bloody and tenacious defense of the ruined city, for which his army earned the designation "8th Guards." Chuikov commanded the Eighth Guards Army from 1943 through the war's end, fighting in all major battles in the Ukraine and Poland, and spearheading the final Red Army drive on Berlin in April 1945. After the war Chuikov served successively as commander of the Group of Soviet Forces in Germany, the Kiev Military District, and the Soviet Ground Forces; Deputy Minister of Defense of the USSR; and Chief of the USSR's Civil Defense. After his retirement in 1972, Chuikov authored seven memoirs related to his military exploits.
See also: world war ii
Woff, Richard. (1993). "Vasily Ivanovich Chuikov." In Stalin's Generals, ed. Harold Shukman. London: Weidenfeld and Nicolson.
David M. Glantz
"Chuikov, Vasily Ivanovich." Encyclopedia of Russian History. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chuikov-vasily-ivanovich
"Chuikov, Vasily Ivanovich." Encyclopedia of Russian History. . Retrieved October 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/chuikov-vasily-ivanovich
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.