The equally surprised French troupes de la marine blocked the twelve‐foot‐wide forest roadway with effective musketry. Braddock's column did not receive—or did not hear—the order to halt, and infantry, artillery, and baggage train telescoped into each other in confusion. Indians and Canadians immediately used Indian tactics of “moving fire” along both flanks of the disrupted column. The British lost 977 wounded and killed, while their opponents sustained only 39 casualties.
The British sought revenge, committing unprecedented funds and regulars to the war. Indian victors, gathering rich booty, encouraged dozens of tribes to assist in the successful French campaigns of 1756 and 1757. Braddock's defeat also provoked Indian raids that disrupted the Pennsylvania and Virginia frontiers. In American mythology, “Braddock's Defeat” became a convenient synonym for the superiority of frontiersmen over European regulars.
Paul E. Kopperman , Braddock at the Monongahela, 1977.
Ian K. Steele
"Braddock's Defeat." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (August 17, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/braddocks-defeat
"Braddock's Defeat." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved August 17, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/braddocks-defeat
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.