Bataan and Corregidor, Battles of
Dangerously short of food, medicine, and ammunition, the U.S. forces still put up a furious defense of the peninsula. “The Battling Bastards of Bataan” and the defenders of “the Rock”—Corregidor—provided a tremendous morale boost after U.S. losses suffered in the attack on Pearl Harbor, Guam, and Wake Island. Heeding direct orders from President Franklin D. Roosevelt, MacArthur and his family escaped from Corregidor by PT boat on 11 March 1942, and upon arrival in Australia, MacArthur made his famous “I shall return” promise. By 9 April, the Japanese controlled Bataan and beseiged Corregidor. On 6 May 1942, Lt. Gen. Jonathan Wainwright, commanding an ill and starving garrison, surrendered. In the infamous Bataan Death March that followed, more than 600 American and 5,000 to 10,000 Filipino and many Australian and British prisoners of war died from disease, malnourishment, and abuse as they were taken to Japanese prisoner‐of‐war camps. As with Pearl Harbor, this atrocity became a powerful motivational symbol for Americans in the war against the Japanese empire.
[See also Prisoners of War: U.S. Soldiers as POWs; World War II, U.S. Naval Operations in: The Pacific.]
D. Clayton James , The Years of MacArthur. Vol. 2, 1941–1945, 1975.
Ronald H. Spector , Eagle Against the Sun: The American War with Japan, 1985.
David L. Anderson
"Bataan and Corregidor, Battles of." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 19, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bataan-and-corregidor-battles
"Bataan and Corregidor, Battles of." The Oxford Companion to American Military History. . Retrieved February 19, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/encyclopedias-almanacs-transcripts-and-maps/bataan-and-corregidor-battles
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.