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Batangas (bätän´gäs), city (1990 pop. 184,970), capital of Batangas prov., SW Luzon, the Philippines. An important port on the Calumpan River near its mouth on Batangas Bay, it has a large oil refinery and serves a fertile farm area noted for its fruits, cacao, and coffee. Tourist attractions in Batangas province include Lake Taal, with its active volcano (which erupted in 1965, causing extensive damage and many deaths), and the popular summer resort city of Tagaytay.