POWHATAN INCIDENT. When the Civil War began, President Abraham Lincoln determined not to give up the two remaining federal forts in southern territory—Fort Sumter at Charleston, South Carolina, and Fort Pickens at Pensacola, Florida. The administration ordered relief expeditions to both forts, but Secretary of State William H. Seward, in an attempt to maintain his supremacy in Lincoln's cabinet, secretly ordered the war-ship Powhatan to Fort Pickens instead of Fort Sumter. Although Lincoln eventually countermanded Seward's order, the ship was already on its way to Fort Pickens. The Pickens expedition was successful, but without the Powhatan's firepower, the relief of Sumter failed.
Current, Richard Nelson. Lincoln and the First Shot. Philadelphia: Lippincott, 1963.
Potter, David Morris. Lincoln and His Party in the Secession Crisis. Baton Rouge: Louisiana State University Press, 1995.
Thomas RobsonHay/t. g.
"Powhatan Incident." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (February 21, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/powhatan-incident
"Powhatan Incident." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved February 21, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/powhatan-incident
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.