"FORGOTTEN MAN" was the title of a public lecture delivered by William Graham Sumner of Yale University in 1883. Sumner, a leading social Darwinist, was critical of those who favored social improvement schemes that took money from or imposed restrictions upon this "honest, industrious, economical" working man in order to help his negligent neighbor. In Sumner's view, such efforts as philanthropy, guild restrictions, and temperance legislation inhibited competition among workers by which worthy individuals might succeed and thereby contribute to the general prosperity. On 18 May 1932 Franklin D. Roosevelt revived the term in an address at Warms Springs, Georgia. However, he used the term to refer to the underprivileged, those whom he wanted to help with government programs.
Curtis, Bruce. William Graham Sumner. Boston: Twayne, 1981.
Wiebe, Robert H. The Search for Order 1877–1920. New York: Hill and Wang, 1967.
Alvin F.Harlow/c. p.
"Forgotten Man." Dictionary of American History. . Encyclopedia.com. (October 21, 2018). http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/forgotten-man
"Forgotten Man." Dictionary of American History. . Retrieved October 21, 2018 from Encyclopedia.com: http://www.encyclopedia.com/history/dictionaries-thesauruses-pictures-and-press-releases/forgotten-man
Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).
Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.
Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:
Modern Language Association
The Chicago Manual of Style
American Psychological Association
- Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
- In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.