Forkel, Johann Nicolaus

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Forkel, Johann Nicolaus (b Meeder, 1749; d Göttingen, 1818). Ger. organist and writer. Dir. of mus., Göttingen Univ. from 1778, cond. Akademie concerts 1779–1815. Wrote several theoretical books, but his chef d'œuvre was 1st biography of J. S. Bach (Leipzig 1802). Composer of cantatas, oratorios, and instr. works.