BAYARD-CHAMBERLAIN TREATY was drafted in February 1888 by Great Britain and the United States to resolve a protracted fisheries dispute in the waters of Newfoundland and the adjacent provinces. It provided for a joint commission to define American rights in Canadian waters, recognized exclusive Canadian jurisdiction in bays whose outlets were less than six miles in width, and promised further concessions should the United States remove tariff duties on Canadian fish. The U.S. Senate rejected the treaty, but more than twenty years later, the substance of several of its provisions appeared in the award that an arbitration tribunal at The Hague rendered against American claims.
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