Skip to main content

Bayard, Elise Justine

BAYARD, Elise Justine

Born circa 1815, Fishkill, New York; died circa 1850

Wrote under: E. B.C., E. J. B.

Daughter of Robert Bayard; married Fulton Cutting

Evidently of French extraction, Elise Justine Bayard attained a brief local reputation through poems published in the New York Knickerbocker magazine. Little seemed to be known of her life, but she appeared a promising new writer to Sarah Josepha Hale, who included her in a section of comments on young authors in Woman's Record (1853). Hale admired Bayard's poems and implied that although there was no collection of Bayard's works, her writing warranted one.

Bayard's poetry seems unremarkable today. She generally treats common subjects—mothers, children, lovers, time, history, death—but her techniques produce either standard, formal, even mechanical verse (as in "Funeral Chant for the Old Year," reprinted in the Duyckincks' Cyclopedia of American Literature), or startlingly raw efforts in simple rhymed couplets distributed in irregular stanzas (as in "Henri de la Roche Jacqueline," one of her earliest poems, which appeared in the Knickerbocker in September 1834).

The quantity of Bayard's work is difficult to assess; much of it is apparently unsigned or merely initialed. She seems to have married early, for many poems almost definitely attributable to her are signed "E. B. C." one of which is "Henri," but because of its reference to the chevalier Bayard in stanza 1, we can guess its author with some safety. Other poems similar in subject—the romantic heroes and heroines of the past—are probably hers, as well, such as "Maria da Gloria" (Knickerbocker, September 1835) and "Napoleon" (Knickerbocker, Oct. 1837). Bayard also continued to use her maiden initials, however; for example, "Error," a late poem published in the weekly Literary World (16 October 1847), is signed "E. J. Bayard."

The nature of the periodicals in which her only known works appear suggests why such a relatively minor figure should receive attention. A short and vague biography is included in the Duyckincks' Cyclopedia probably because the Duyckinck brothers also edited Literary World (1847-53). The Knickerbocker (1833-65), a more significant magazine, similarly dedicated to literature and to the fine arts, must also have valued Bayard's works, for it was one of the few magazines of the day to compensate writers. It published substantial critical essays as well as contemporary verse; for example, Thomas Cole was among its contributors of both poems and prose. And since the artistic circles of New York before the Civil War included few women (among them Susan Fenimore Cooper and Mary E. Field), Bayard's presence seems worth noting.

Other Works:

Miscellaneous poems attributable to Elise Justine Bayard may be found in the Knickerbocker (1834-1850) and Literary World (1847-1855).

Bibliography:

Reference Works:

Cyclopedia of American Literature, E. A. and G. L. Duyckinck (1875). Woman's Record, S. J. Hale (1853).

—CAROLINE ZILBOORG

Cite this article
Pick a style below, and copy the text for your bibliography.

  • MLA
  • Chicago
  • APA

"Bayard, Elise Justine." American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present. . Encyclopedia.com. 22 Jan. 2019 <https://www.encyclopedia.com>.

"Bayard, Elise Justine." American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present. . Encyclopedia.com. (January 22, 2019). https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/bayard-elise-justine

"Bayard, Elise Justine." American Women Writers: A Critical Reference Guide from Colonial Times to the Present. . Retrieved January 22, 2019 from Encyclopedia.com: https://www.encyclopedia.com/arts/news-wires-white-papers-and-books/bayard-elise-justine

Learn more about citation styles

Citation styles

Encyclopedia.com gives you the ability to cite reference entries and articles according to common styles from the Modern Language Association (MLA), The Chicago Manual of Style, and the American Psychological Association (APA).

Within the “Cite this article” tool, pick a style to see how all available information looks when formatted according to that style. Then, copy and paste the text into your bibliography or works cited list.

Because each style has its own formatting nuances that evolve over time and not all information is available for every reference entry or article, Encyclopedia.com cannot guarantee each citation it generates. Therefore, it’s best to use Encyclopedia.com citations as a starting point before checking the style against your school or publication’s requirements and the most-recent information available at these sites:

Modern Language Association

http://www.mla.org/style

The Chicago Manual of Style

http://www.chicagomanualofstyle.org/tools_citationguide.html

American Psychological Association

http://apastyle.apa.org/

Notes:
  • Most online reference entries and articles do not have page numbers. Therefore, that information is unavailable for most Encyclopedia.com content. However, the date of retrieval is often important. Refer to each style’s convention regarding the best way to format page numbers and retrieval dates.
  • In addition to the MLA, Chicago, and APA styles, your school, university, publication, or institution may have its own requirements for citations. Therefore, be sure to refer to those guidelines when editing your bibliography or works cited list.